Isfahan is the capital city of Isfahan Province in central Iran. Located about 340 kilometers from present day Tehran, Isfahan sits at the crossroads of east-west and north-south travel routes. As a result, Isfahan came to be a cosmopolitan city that is home to some of the world’s best Persian-Islamic architecture such as the Shah Lutf Allah Mosque and Naghsh-e Jahan Square. Indeed, the Shah Lutf Allah Mosque became an important architectural design motif for world famous Isfahan Persian rugs.
In the 16th-17th centuries Shah Abbas the Great would rise to power as the strongest of the Safavid rulers. During his reign the capital city of the Persian empire was moved from Tabriz in the northwest to the more centrally located Isfahan.
Tabriz was the traditional home and the original city for the production of Persian Rugs. However, under the direction of Shah Abbas the focus of production would turn to Isfahan. Additionally, Shah Abbas encouraged immigration and Isfahan became a cosmopolitan city. As such, an artistic base was established which would result in Isfahan becoming renown as a “City of Art”.
Indeed, Shah Abbas oversaw the renaissance of art in Isfahan and the world’s finest Isfahan Persian rugs were created under his rule. Unfortunately, the Afghan invasion of 1722 resulted in the halting of production. However, production of the high quality Isfahan Persian rugs would resume in the early 20th century.
Design and Substance of Isfahan
The rug weavers of Isfahan used a diverse array of design motifs including vase, tree of life, Shah Abbas and also pictorals. However, the most prolific is the architectural design motif which features the circular central medallion derived from the Shah Lutf Allah Mosque alluded to above.
Another unique feature that can be attributed to the Shah Lutf Mosque is the absence of strong red colors from Isfahan rugs. This is because of the blue indigo color of the tiles that cover the interior/exterior of the mosque.
Isfahan rugs use a soft high quality wool known as kork. This fine wool base is interwoven with silk to highlight the design patterns. The ratio of silk to wool can fluctuate depending on the design and style of the weaver.
Most of the city rugs have a knot count above 200 kpsi. However most of our Isfahan Persian rugs demand a higher knot count, usually 700-1000 knots per square inch. Additionally, our weavers use what is known as the “Turkish” double knot which adds strength and durability to the rug.
World Class Isfahan Persian Rugs
Our Isfahan Persian rugs feature traditional designs that were woven by highly skilled artisans. As a result, you can rest assured you have procured a world class Persian rug when you make a purchase from our selection.
All of our rugs and materials originate in Iran and they are of the finest quality. Therefore, you can expect your new rug to retain it’s high design quality and utility for hundreds of years with proper care.